In almost all the countries of the developed world, and also several from of the developing nations, the law of abortion is recognized. The process of abortion requires the woman to take a decision within the first 20 weeks of the pregnancy. According to different statistics available, it is seen that 40% of the women worldwide opt for the procedure at some stage of their reproductive life.
There are two type of pregnancy termination. One is the spontaneous and the other the induced type. Spontaneous pregnancy termination is also termed as a miscarriage. It occurs naturally without infusion of any medical procedure. The reasons are mostly related to health. In a few cases, it is because of accidental trauma. Miscarriages also occur due to chromosomal abnormalities. According to different statistics, about 20% to 25% of the pregnancies result in miscarriages. Among these cases, 90% occur in the initial three months. This time is referred to as the first trimester. While miscarriages after the 10th week resemble heavy menstrual bleeding, those after 12 weeks or 3 months of conception are more like mild labor pain. If the uterus retains a part of the placenta, then these miscarriages might result in incomplete abortion.
Women between the age group of 17 to 35 years of age are at a lower risk of miscarriages than women under 17 and above the age of 35 years. Women who have had miscarriages earlier can have difficulty in conceiving later. Biologically, it is the safest to conceive a baby between 22 and 28 years of age.
Induced pregnancy termination is carried out by taking pills or Cytotec Bolivia through surgical procedures. If the abortion is for the wellness of the mother, then it is considered therapeutic. On the contrary, other purposes are referred to as elective pregnancy termination. Especially in such cases, it is important to undergo thorough medical counseling before undergoing the procedure. This is because there can be a host of complications which one must try to avoid. It is also advisable to carry out the procedure under the direct supervision and guidance of a licensed and experienced physician.
There are several popular methods of terminating pregnancies. Abortion can be carried out during the 9th week through medicines which inhibit the hormones and break down the lining of the uterus or womb expelling the embryo. Another method employed during the initial 7th to 15th week is removing the embryo through suction. This procedure actually takes only about 10 minutes. Similarly, one can carry out abortion within the initial 13 weeks with extra doses of medicine. After the 15th week, most experts advise surgical dilation, a process in which the cervix is opened, followed by removal of the fetus by employing forceps.
Pregnancy termination at a later stage is not advisable. If the pregnancy is terminated at the 20th or the 24th week, it is called late pregnancy termination. This requires an extensive surgical procedure to be carried out and needs an experienced and certified surgeon for conducting the process. In the first step, the heart beat of the fetus is stopped. This is followed by loosening the cervix, after which the fetus is removed by dilation.